Research Groups

ReCO2very
HiPerCap
Peletin
Landfill4health
Interreg
BioCO2
Nawa
Misiones científicas de Asturias

ENERGY PROCESSES AND EMISSION REDUCTION - PrEM

RESEARCH LINES

  1. Energy utilisation of biomass

Biomass plays a prominent role in the renewable energy mix and contributes to secure the energy supply. It has potential as a combustible material associated with the wide variety of conversion technologies available.

The research carried out by the group in this line is focused on:

  • Pelletisation and torrefaction of biomass.
  • Biomass gasification for synthesis gas production.
  • Energy valorisation of waste for the production of renewable hydrogen with in situ capture of CO2.
  • Co-utilisation of biomass in combustion and gasification processes.
  1. CO2 capture through adsorption processes

The development of processes that allow the separation of CO2 competitively and efficiently poses a challenge for carbon-intensive industries. Adsorption processes have shown enormous potential, but their implementation on a commercial scale requires materials and process development to reduce the carbon footprint.

The research carried out by the group in this line is focused on:

  • Valorisation of biomass residues as precursors of CO2
  • Development of adsorbents with high CO2 capacity and selectivity.
  • Evaluation, design, and simulation of cyclic processes of CO2
  • Treatment of postcombustion and precombustion gases, syngas, biogas, and industrial off-gases.
  1. Storage of electric energy in supercapacitors

Most commercial supercapacitors use carbon materials as electrodes. It is, however, necessary to optimize the properties of these materials for efficient operation with renewable energy sources.

The research carried out by the group in this line is focused on:

  • Evaluation of the relationship between the morphological, structural, chemical, and textural characteristics of carbon materials and their operation as supercapacitor electrodes.
  • Contribution of knowledge to the development of advanced supercapacitors.
  • Search for alternatives to lower the cost of carbon materials.
  1. Valorisation of biomass waste as precursors of carbon materials

In a Circular Economy scenario, the recovery of wastes through its use as raw material for the production of carbon materials, with high performance and low cost, is presented as a more sustainable and economically more efficient alternative than landfill or incineration.

The research carried out by the group in this line is focused on:

  • Sustainable production of carbon materials with a wide-spectrum of physicochemical properties.
  • Hydrothermal carbonisation for the treatment of biomass waste.
  • Potential applications of carbon materials: energy storage, soil amendment, gas
  • separation, animal feed, colorants, cosmetics, etc.

INCAR

INSTITUTO DE CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGÍA DEL CARBONO
CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTÍFICAS
MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN


CARBON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (INCAR)
SPANISH COUNCIL FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (CSIC)
MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND INNOVATION